BEZALEL BEN MOSES HA-KOHEN (1820–1878), Lithuanian rabbi and unofficial rabbi of Vilna. At the age of 11, Bezalel already knew by heart two of the six orders of the Talmud; at 13, he had covered the entire Talmud and amazed his listeners with his original halakhic discourses. A sermon which he delivered before the rabbis of Vilna at the age of 18 was subsequently published in his Reshit Bikkurim. His novellae were collected in a work Torat Yisrael which is no longer extant. In 1843 although only 23 years of age, Bezalel was chosen as one of the rabbis of Vilna in succession to Joseph Shiskes. He soon became the leading "moreh ẓedek" of Vilna, an office equivalent to that of rabbi of the city. Bezalel was well versed in secular subjects, particularly mathematics and engineering. Reshit Bikkurim, responsa and comments on the Sifra (1868), reveals his extensive scholarship and his firm attitude in halakhic questions. His glosses on the Talmud, Mareh Kohen,   bearing the same title as his notes on Yoreh De'ah, were published in the Vilna edition of the Talmud (1884). His commentary on the Sefer ha-Mitzvot of Maimonides appeared in the Vilna edition of 1866. He also published a pamphlet entitled Hora'at Hetter, dealing with the permissibility of using etrogim from Corfu on Sukkot (1876). Many of Bezalel's responsa appear in the works of his contemporaries and a number of his writings are still in manuscript. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: H.N. Maggid-Steinschneider, Ir Vilna, 1 (1900), 55–61; J.L. Maimon, Middei Ḥodesh be-Ḥodsho, 4 (1958), 12–16. (Itzhak Alfassi)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • ḤAKIM, SAMUEL BEN MOSES HA-LEVI IBN — (?1480–after 1547), rabbi in egypt and turkey . Samuel came from a distinguished family of Spanish origin which had settled in Egypt. His father, Moses, was a personal friend of the governor of Egypt and, when difficulties arose, intervened on… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • KOHEN — KOHEN, first major family of Hebrew printers in Prague and all of Central Europe. Hebrew printing began in Prague – before anywhere else in Central or Eastern Europe – no later than 1512, when four craftsmen and two backers produced a prayer book …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Moses Isserles — is commonly known as the Rema (Hebrew: רמ א‎). He should not be confused with Meir Abulafia, known as the Ramah (Hebrew: רמ ה‎). Moses Isserles Moses Isserles (Artist s rendering) …   Wikipedia

  • ISSERLES, MOSES BEN ISRAEL — (1525 or 1530–1572), Polish rabbi and codifier, one of the great halakhic authorities. His full family name, Isserel Lazarus was shortened to Isserles, but he is usually referred to as the Rema (acronym of Rabbi Moses Isserles). Isserles was born …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • SAADIAH (Ben Joseph) GAON — (882–942), greatest scholar and author of the geonic period and important leader of Babylonian Jewry. Saadiah was born in Pithom (Abu Suweir), in the Faiyum district in Egypt. Little is known about his family except that his opponents slandered… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • LURIA, ISAAC BEN SOLOMON — (1534–1572), kabbalist, referred to as Ha Ari (האר״י; the (sacred) lion from the initials of האלוהי רבי יצחק; Ha Elohi Rabbi Yiẓḥak, the divine Rabbi ). This cognomen was in use by the end of the 16th century, apparently at first in kabbalistic… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Hayyim ben Joseph Vital — (Calabria, 1543[1] – Damascus, 23 April 1620[2]) was a rabbi in Safed and the foremost disciple of Isaac Luria. He recorded much of his master s teachings. After Vital s death his writings spread having a powerful impact on various circles… …   Wikipedia

  • ABRAHAM BEN DAVID OF POSQUIÈRES — (known as Rabad, i.e., Rabbi Abraham Ben David; c. 1125–1198); talmudic authority in Provence. Abraham was born in Narbonne, and died in Posquières, a small city near Nîmes famous for the yeshivah he established there. He lived during a… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • DUEREN, ISAAC BEN MEIR — (second half of 13th century), German halakhic authority on the laws of issur ve hetter . Isaac s surname Dueren derives from the town of that name in Germany. In his youth he studied under Tobias b. Elijah of Vienne in France. The period of… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Isaac ben Sheshet — Perfet (1326 ndash; 1408) (Hebrew: יצחק בן ששת) was a Spanish Talmudic authority, also know by his acronym, Rivash (ריב ש). He was born at Valencia and settled early in life at Barcelona, where he studied under Perez ha Kohen, under Hasdai ben… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.